At Better Fundraising we see a LOT of examples of the 80/20 principle in fundraising.
Shoot, they even use an example from fundraising as the graphic on the Wikipedia page! (A great summary of the 80/20 principle is to say that 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes.)
A couple of common examples:
- 80% of a company’s sales usually come from 20% of its customers
- 80% of a country’s land is often owned by 20% of its people
What follows are three examples of this principle in fundraising, along with how you can use them to raise more money for your organization.
The 80/20 Rule in Major Donor Fundraising
About 80% of your individual donor revenue will come from 20% of those donors. (And in recent years it’s been closer to 90% of revenue coming from 10% of donors).
The organizations that make the most of this reality (especially this year) are the ones who intentionally prioritize those donors with how they spend their fundraising time and budget.
The 80/20 Rule in Direct Mail
If you look at eye-tracking studies, you’ll notice donors only read about 20% of appeals or newsletters.
To be great at raising money through the mail, you need to know what portions of your letters or newsletters are most likely to be read. Then you put the content that’s most likely to drive action in those locations.
The 80/20 Rule for Small Shops
For organizations that only send out a couple of fundraising pieces a year, 20% of their communications typically raise 80% of their individual donations.
In our experience, those organizations can always raise more money immediately. All they must do is isolate the types of communications that raise the most money, send out more of those, and send out fewer of the type that raise less money.
That’s such a radically simple idea that most small shops believe it can’t be true. But it IS true. We’ve done it so many times I can give three examples off the top of my head:
- Annual reports
- Most e-news
- Appeals that are general calls for support
We cancelled those by the bushel and never – not once – saw a drop in revenue.
The Double Benefit
Here’s the great thing about applying the 80/20 rule: you get a double benefit. You save the time and money from not doing an inefficient activity. And you get that time and money to do more of an efficient activity.
The Questions for You
Look at your organization’s fundraising activities. What activities don’t produce measurable results, and you should cancel them?
What activities drive the most revenue, so you should do more of those with your freed-up time and budget?
In your mailed communications, are you putting the most important content in the 20% of your letter your donors are likely to read?
Savvy organizations are constantly measuring their fundraising results, so they know what should be jettisoned and what should be done more often. Because there’s always a way to raise more by doing less.